What is anorexia nervosa and how to detect it



Dr. Daniel López Rosetti explains what anorexia is, what the types are and the steps to follow

It is a serious alteration of the mental perception of the own body. We all have a body image of our own body, but in the anorexia nervosa the person thinks he is very fat. That is to say, even if she is very underweight, very skinny, exaggeratedly skinny, she wants to be skinny more and more.

This disorder is a Mental illness. In fact, it is classified within the diseases of psychiatry. The person, when he sees himself in the mirror, although it may seem surprising to the rest, he perceives himself as overweight.

Those who suffer from anorexia nervosa continually experience a intense fear of gaining weight, thereby doing the impossible to lose weight. If it is a woman, she almost certainly has amenorrheathat is, she no longer has menstruation, due to the amount of hormonal alterations caused by the lack of nutrients.

That fear of gaining weight leads him to eat practically nothing and get as much physical activity as you can to burn even more calories and lose weight. Or even generate vomiting or use different purging mechanisms.

Symptoms are weight loss, amenorrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, poor general condition, altered temperament and social behavior
Symptoms are weight loss, amenorrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, poor general condition, altered temperament and social behavior

There are two forms of presentation and we always say that this begins in adolescence, in young people, especially females.

In Argentina, one in three young women suffers from eating disorders. Most of them are anorexia and bulimia nervosa, as specified by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics (SAP) in a report in June this year. This represents 50% more than the results of a study carried out in 2001.

Parents, teachers, relatives and friends are essential for early detection of the problem but also for subsequent support. In this way, being informed responsibly is essential to break the stigma and taboo that exists around this topic. Early diagnosis and treatment notably improve evolution and reduce associated complications and sequelae.

There are many therapeutic options to treat anorexia, in all of them family support is essential
There are many therapeutic options to treat anorexia, in all of them family support is essential

One is restrictive. The restrictive type of anorexia it is the one in which the person hardly eats anything, is dedicated to not eating and the situation is very clear. He does it with intensity.

And the second is the compulsive purging type. Doesn’t eat but suddenly binge. What is a binge? Eating a large amount of food in a very short time, compulsively. But also, what does he do afterwards? Generate purging or vomiting.

With this type of behavior, bodily signals appear such as weight loss, amenorrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, poor general condition, altered temperament, character and social behavior. Generally, these are teenagers. But it can also affect adults at another stage of life.

According to a study by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics, one in three young women suffers from eating disorders in the country (Getty Images)
According to a study by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics, one in three young women suffers from eating disorders in the country (Getty Images)

The fundamental thing, as with all diseases, is the early diagnostic. When one observes a boy who is losing weight, who is excessively careful with his food, it is no longer normal. check as soon as possible.

What are the possible therapies?

Fortunately, there are many therapeutic options. The treatment has to do with psychotherapy, with cognitive or behavioral therapy. Sometimes medication. Sometimes family therapy. But it is important, above all, early diagnosis and timely treatment. The sooner the better.

* Dr. Daniel López Rosetti is a physician (MN 62540) from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Buenos Aires (UBA). President of the Stress Section of the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH). And he is the author of books such as: “Emotion and feelings” (Ed. Planeta, 2017), “Equilibrio. How we think, how we feel, how we decide. User’s manual.” (Ed. Planeta, 2019), among others.

KEEP READING:





Source link


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *