Peru is going through its fourth wave of contagion from COVID-19. As a result, infections, hospitalizations and deaths from this virus have increased in recent weeks. A data analyst report Juan Carbajal revealed that more than 80% of people who died from coronavirus in the month of July were older adults and citizens who did not have a booster dose or complete vaccination schedule. About, Cesar Carcamo, an expert in Public Health and epidemiology, such a trend responds to the decrease in the protection of vaccines over time. Therefore, he recalled that it is important to go for the third or fourth dose and avoid serious symptoms of this disease.
According to the data offered by Carbajal, based on the Ministry of Health, one of the characteristics of the vaccinated patients who died from COVID-19 is related to the period in which they received the last booster dose. Statistics show that infected people who waited longer than recommended to go for their booster dose against SarS-CoV2 presented severe symptoms of this disease.
Of approximately 850 coronavirus deaths in the month of July, 424 People let a long period of time pass since the third dose was applied and they had a fourth. According to Carbajal, 66.5% of deceased received the third dose more than 7 months ago. Of them, the 90% are people over 60 years old.
Likewise, 187 deaths in the month of July only had two doses of the coronavirus vaccine. Of them, the 95% of patients completed their vaccination schedule more than 7 months ago. In addition, 73.5% of them are adults over 60 years of age.
The report also lists people who have only received one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. Of the total deaths in that month, 22 people were only inoculated once more than nine weeks ago. Of them, more than 60% of deceased were over 60 years old.
“Those who are dying are older adults with comorbidities. For this reason, I emphasize that it is important that people who are within the range of taking the corresponding dose do so, whether it is the third, the fourth or another dose. The investigations are very clear: after a time is applied, a certain dose the protection decreases. For this reason, our authorities suggest from time to time and, above all, to the most vulnerable people, the reinforcement doses that correspond to them are applied “suggested the expert to Infobae.
The World Health Organization (WHO) informed through its official website that completing the vaccination schedule, that is, receiving both primary doses, and going for the booster doses are necessary to maintain high levels of protection against COVID-19.
“The protection conferred by vaccines against COVID-19 may decrease over time. The data show that the real efficacy decreases approximately 4 to 6 months after the primary vaccination. If you are offered a booster dose, it is in your best interest to accept it to increase your protection against severe illness.”indicates the WHO.
This means that although vaccines provide a certain level of protection, prevent serious illness and fatal consequences, over time this immunity decreases. According to the Public Health expert, Cesar Carcamofor this reason it is advisable to periodically receive a booster dose against the coronavirus.
“We give ourselves a dose of the vaccine, the immunity goes up the first few days. In the first weeks, this protection goes up and reaches a maximum, from there it starts to go down. But after five months this immunity drops too low, so it no longer gives enough protection. That is why an additional dose is recommended at that time to again raise immunity.”he explained.
For the epidemiologist, it is necessary for citizens to place greater emphasis on the vaccination of older adults, since these have a higher incidence in serious cases because they are considered a vulnerable population. As he specified, regarding the periods of time to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, there is a lot of disorder on the part of the population and this could mean a risk to their health in the event of contagion.
According to information provided by the Ministry of Health, the period of time to receive the fourth dose of the vaccine varies according to age. The over 30 years old of age should come for the fourth vaccine after 5 months of having received the previous vaccine. In the case of adults over 60 it is four months after the last dose. The immunosuppressed patients, over 18 years of age with comorbidities and health personnel they can receive it after five months after receiving the third dose.
As far as the third dose is concerned, it should be applied to over 18 years vaccinated with Sinopharm, Pfizer, or AstraZeneca 3 months after completing the vaccination schedule. The adolescents from 12 to 17 years old and children from 5 to 11 years old they should attend 5 months after the second dose has been applied.
On the other hand, the complete vaccination schedule It consists of two initial doses. The second vaccine is given 21 days after receiving the primary dose.
To be inoculated against COVID-19, you must go to the nearest vaccination center. The Ministry of Health has arranged a series of establishments nationwide to apply the coronavirus vaccine. To know the available Vaccination Centers and opening hours, click here.